Sunday, February 5, 2017

Zalihe domaćinstva za prirodne katastrofe: činioci uticaja na posedovanje zaliha - Household supplies for natural disaster: factor of influence on the possession of supplies

Purpose – The paper presents the results of the quantitative research of the impact of certain factors on household possession of supplies necessary for the survival of the consequences of natural disasters.
Design/methodology/approach – Quantitative research was conducted by using a survey strategy in households with the use of a multi-stage random sample. The first step, which was related to the primary sampling units included selection of parts of the community for conducting research. The second step, which was related to research cores, included selection of streets or parts of streets at the level of primary sampling units and finally selection of households for surveying 2500 citizens in 19 local communities.
Findings – It was found that only 24.6% of respondents have supplies, while 61.5% have no supplies for surviving natural disasters. On the other hand, 37.2% of respondents possess supplies of food for 4 days, while only 12% have supplies of food for 1 day. It was found that 17.6% of the respondents have a transistor radio, 40% flashlight, 40.6% shovel, 25.8% hack, 33.6% hoe and spade, and 13.2% Fire extinguisher. The results of inferential statistical analyses show that there is a statistically significant influence of gender, education, marital status, parenthood, employment, income level, level of religiosity, completed military service on having supplies to survive the consequences of natural disasters. On the other hand, there was no influence of previous experiences on having supplies.
Originality/value – research results allow the design of strategies aimed at raising the level of preparedness of households with regard to their supplies to natural disasters.

Ključne reči – bezbednost, prirodne katastrofe, zalihe, činioci uticaja, Srbija.

Пожари као угрожавајућа појава безбедности: чиниоци утицаја на знање о пожарима - Fires as threatening security phenomenon: factors of influence on knowledge about fires

У раду су изнети резултати квантитативног истраживања фактора утицаја на знање и перцепцију ученика о пожару као угрожавајућој појави безбедности. Применом вишеетапног узорка, анкетирано је 3063 ученика из 13 средњих школа са подручја града Београда. Дескриптивна статистичка анализа показује да за разлику од 95,4% испитаника који истичу да знају, само 63,6% стварно зна шта је пожар. На правилан начин одреаговало би само 57,1% испитаника. Резултати инференцијалних статистичких анализа показују да на перцепцију знања ученика о пожарима статистички значајно утичу пол, образовање оца и мајке, запосленост родитеља, информисање преко телевизије, интернета и видео игрица. Са друге стране, на објективно знање о пожарима утичу пол, образовање оца и мајке, информисање преко телевизије, радија и интернета. И на крају, утврђено је да на познавање правилног начина реаговања приликом пожара статистички значајно не утичу пол и начин информисања преко телевизије док утичу године старости, образовање оца и мајке, запосленост родитеља, информисање преко интернета, видео-игрица и радија. Развијањем безбедносне културе ученика у вези пожара као угрожавајућих појава безбедности умногоме се могу ублажити последице таквих догађаја. Резултати истраживања могу бити искоришћени као полазна основа у конципирању образованих програма ученика о пожарима.

Кључне речи: безбедност, природне катастрофе, пожар, чиниоци, ученици, Србија.

This paper presents the results of quantitative research of factors influencing knowledge and perceptions of students about fire as threatening security phenomenon. Applying a multi-stage sample interviewed 3063 students from 13 secondary schools in the city of Belgrade. Descriptive statistical analysis shows that in contrast to the 95.4% of respondents who said they knew, only 63.6% really knows what is a fire. In a proper way will react only 57.1% of respondents. The results of inferential statistical analysis shows that the perception of students knowledge on fires significantly affect gender, education of father and mother, parents' employment, information via television, Internet and video games. On the other hand, the objective knowledge on fires affect gender, education of father and mother, information via television, radio and the Internet. Finally, it was found that the knowledge of proper ways to react when fire happened is not significantly affected by gender and way of information via television, but affected by age, education of father and mother, parents employment, information via Internet, video games and radio. Developing students security culture in relation fire as a threatening security phenomenon in many ways can mitigate the consequences of such events. The research results can be used as a starting point in designing the educational programs of students about fires.

Key words: security, natural disasters, fire, factors, students, Serbia.

Cvetković, V., & Gačić, J. (2017). Пожари као угрожавајућа појава безбедности: чиниоци утицаја на знање о пожарима - Fires as threatening security phenomenon: factors of influence on knowledge about fires. Paper presented at the Conference: 10th International Conference “CRISIS MANAGEMENT DAYS" - SECURITY ENVIRONMENT AND CHALLENGES OF CRISIS MANAGEMENT, At 24, 25 and 26 May 2017.

Gender disparities in flood risk perception and preparedness: a Serbian case study - Rodne razlike u percepciji rizika i pripremljenosti za poplave: studija slučaja - Srbija

The catastrophic flood occurred in Serbia in 2014 was one of the most critical events registered in the Balkan area in the last decades. The procedures for evacuation have been tough to manage indicating a low level of perception and preparedness towards flood events. Also, the failure in the response phase showed a gender unbalance, where information did not reach men and women equally. Urgently, the Council for Gender Equality Government of the Republic of Serbia held an extraordinary meeting dedicated to the flood planning and emergency support in a gendered perspective. It concluded with the necessity of developing more gender-sensitive statistics, indicators of vulnerability, reconstruction and recovery to floods. For these reasons, we conducted an extensive interview to underlined the differences in risk perception and preparedness actions of both women and men regarding flood events in Serbia. 2500 face-to-face interviews have been conducted in 19 out of 150 municipalities being a good representative sample of the country with the use of a multi-stage random sample. The research findings indicated that is a gender disparity among men and women both in the perception than in the preparedness actions toward floods. Men seemed to be more confident in their abilities to cope with flooding, assessing a greater individual and household preparedness. This could be ascribable to their active involvement in the army where young men were educated to manage emergency situations. They displayed more trust in themselves rather than external agencies or organisation, and this could result in a general mistrust on institutions and planned evacuations. On the other hand, women displayed larger sensitivity and knowledge to these events, however, this did not translate into a capacity to react. It has been assumed that their work as child-carers and housekeepers made them unable to create a strong social network within the community being less informed and involved in the decision-making process. For this purpose, planners might consider how this can affect the way authorities can reach women with hazard information and emergency warnings. However, they should not be seen as sole victims, but valuable resources able to take leading roles in building disaster resilience. In this work they displayed higher organisation of basic supplies and emergency amenities, saving important documents and dealing with the financial matters of the household.
This should be taken as an advantage in preparing the family for a possible hazard situation, enlarging their selfconfidence and burdens of responsibilities. Demographic and economic attributes, behaviours and beliefs reflect gender power relations in the flood hazard context in Serbia. Failing to recognise it, may lead to inefficient community-based risk management plans. Thus, there is a systematic need to investigate and acknowledge the role of gender dynamics without limiting gender as an isolated variable. This work will contribute raising further investigations on this topic especially in a country like Serbia where this topic was weakly investigated.

Cvetković, V., Roder, G., Tarolli, P., Öcal, A., Ronan, K., & Dragićević, S. (2017). Gender disparities in flood risk perception and preparedness: a Serbian case study. Paper presented at the European Geosciences Union GmbH - EGU General Assembly 2017, At Vienna, Austria, Volume: Vol. 19, EGU2017-6720: Session HS1.9/NH1.18 Hydrological risk under a gender and age perspective, Wiena.

Informisanje građana o vanrednim situacijama: činioci uticaja i modaliteti - Informing of citizens about emergency situations: influence factors and modalities

Cilj kvantitativnog istraživanja predstavlja naučna eksplikacija uticaja određenih činioca na modalitete informisanja građana o vanrednim situacijama. Posebna pažnja je bila usmerena ka ispitivanju uticaja sledećih činioca na informisanje: pol, godine starosti, obrazovanje, bračni status, status zaposlenosti i roditeljstva, percepcija rizika i prethodno iskustvo. Istraživanje je sprovedeno u toku 2015. godine i višeetapnim slučajnim uzorkovanjem anketirano je 2500 građana u 19 lokalnih zajednica u Srbiji. Dobijeni rezultati deskriptivnih statističkih analiza pokazuju da je najviše građana o vanrednim situacijama informisano preko televizije 58,9%, zatim preko štampe 31,7%, ukućana 31,2%, interneta 28,7%, radio emisija 15,7%, u školi 14,3% i u na kraju u okviru porodice 12%. Rezultati inferencijalnih statističkih analiza pokazuju da postoji statistički značajna povezanost načina informisanja preko televizija sa polom, bračnim statusom i statusom zaposlenosti. Sa druge strane, način informisanja preko radio emisija je povezan sa obrazovanjem i prethodnim iskustvom. Na informisanje građana preko štampe i interneta statistički značajno utiču pol, obrazovanje i bračni status.
Ispitivanje modaliteta informisanja građana o vanrednim situacijama ima veliki naučni i društveni značaj. Dobijeni rezultati istraživanja u velikoj meri mogu uticati na opredeljenje izbora najadekvatnijeg načina informisanja pojedinih kategorija građana. Originalnost istraživanja ogleda se u neispitanom stanju i modalitetima najoptimalnijeg informisanja građana o vanrednim situacijama u Srbiji.

Ključne reči: bezbednost, vanredne situacije, informisanje, činioci, građani.

Cvetković, V., & Filipović, M. (2017). Informisanje građana o vanrednim situacijama: činioci uticaja i modaliteti - Informing of citizens about emergency situations: influence factors and modalities. Paper presented at the 10th International Conference - Crisis management days: Security environment and challenges of crisis management, 24, 25 and 26 May 2017.